Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

IVF is the most suitable type of assisted reproductive technology. In this, fertilization occurs outside the body in a petri dish in a lab. Embryologists then select the healthy embryo and insert it back into the female uterus.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

In this, sperm cells are collected and injected directly into the uterus when the woman is ovulating. This option is best for those facing problems with semen, having difficulty in intercourse, using a sperm donor, etc.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

This treatment is used for those couples where the male is infertile or having problems with decreased sperm count, low sperm motility, and a high number of abnormal sperm.

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

In GIFT, egg and sperm are combined outside the body in a dish and injected into the fallopian tube using a laparoscope. Fertilization takes place inside the body, and the embryo implants naturally.

Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

ZIFT is somewhat similar to IVF, in which eggs and sperm are mixed outside the body. It is then placed in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.

Artificial Insemination

In this, sperms are inserted into the female’s uterus or cervix to achieve pregnancy without sexual intercourse. Intrauterine insemination, Intracervical insemination, and Intratubal insemination are its type.

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