Obstructive azoospermia is a type of male infertility caused by a blockage or obstruction in the reproductive tract that prevents the ejaculation of sperm.
Surgery can be used to remove blockages in the reproductive tract, such as scar tissue, vasectomy, or opening blocked tubes.
MESA is a procedure to extract sperm from the epididymis for men with blockages or vasectomies.
PESA is a procedure used to extract sperm from blocked vas deferens or epididymis.
TESE is a procedure used to extract sperm from the testes for men with blockages or low sperm production.
If sperm cannot be extracted from the male reproductive tract, IVF with ICSI is used to inject sperm into an egg and implant it into the uterus.
Most men who have had a vasectomy in the past can conceive again after having their vasectomy reversed (vasovasostomy or vasoepididymostomy).
TURED is a surgical procedure to remove ejaculatory duct obstruction and help sperm flow to the natural channels.
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