Surrogacy Process

Surrogacy is arguably the most challenging reproductive technique, but it also offers the most significant rewards to all individuals involved. Knowing how the procedure works and having all the information you require are the keys to a successful and happy experience.

This step-by-step surrogacy process tutorial will go through the fundamental elements of any surrogacy journey. Still, first, you should be aware that certain features, especially the legal requirements, may differ from state to state.

Is Surrogacy Right for You?

Whether you are an opposite-sex couple, a homosexual couple, or an individual, you should educate yourself on the fundamentals of this fertility option and determine your level of commitment before starting the surrogacy journey.

Surrogacy can be a rewarding experience because it signals the impending arrival of a new family member, but it also takes time, patience, and commitment. It should be evident that you won’t be able to schedule any significant travel or strenuous activities during that time.

A significant financial and emotional investment is also necessary for surrogacy process. If you decide to become a parent through surrogacy, the first step is to speak with a surrogacy agency, therapist, or lawyer who focuses on such cases.

Consultation Phase

Once you decided to proceed with the surrogacy process, you must determine your objectives, expectations, and the professionals you’re willing to collaborate with. Essentially, the first step is to find a firm and a lawyer:

Surrogacy Agency

The experts at the center develop a profile when potential intended parents or surrogates apply to discover a surrogacy opportunity through an agency. Find a surrogacy agency that offers all types of the surrogacy services, such as:-

  • Selection of the Surrogate
  • Case Management
  • Surrogate Screening
  • Counseling, and
  • Legal Services

Surrogacy Lawyer

A surrogacy process is a fertility technique that involves a lot of laws. A lawyer’s services are necessary to finish legal work like contracts, birth orders, legal parentage, etc.

Most organizations offer prospective parents a free initial meeting to get to know one another, learn about the services provided, and discuss financial possibilities.

This will help you make decisions regarding fundamental issues, including whether you require donor sperm and eggs or need a surrogate matching service.

surrogacy process

Choosing an Egg Donor

If you choose donor sperm or eggs for the surrogacy process and if the intended mother cannot create embryos from her eggs, donor eggs are required. Young, healthy girls between the ages of 21 and 29 make up the majority of egg donors.

Although many parents use a family member or close friend as their egg donor, several clinics or organizations have egg donor databases that allow you to search for the most suitable surrogate.

To be eligible, candidates must complete a thorough medical examination to demonstrate their overall health. Before being admitted into the donation program, a reproductive endocrinologist should check their medical history.

Choosing a Surrogate

If you choose surrogate matching service. the finding the ideal surrogate for them is usually the most satisfying and exciting part of the surrogacy process for intending parents. This phase will take more or less time unless it is a friend or family member.

Before being matched, surrogates typically pass a mental health and medical screening test. They are generally females between the ages of 21 and 41. Before finalizing, their financial and criminal histories are also checked.

When it comes time to match you with a surrogate, they will attempt to find one whose surrogacy strategy is comparable to yours. And they will behave similarly toward the opposing party.

Only if both parties agree to proceed together can the process continue. In such a situation, getting to know one another better would be the first step, whether through phone calls, emails, or even in-person meetups.

Every surrogacy agreement must include a contract that makes the matching legal. An attorney will represent each party during this process to safeguard their respective legal rights and interests.

A preliminary legal contract is signed to make the match official if everything is in order. The Agreement includes legal rights for both surrogate and future intended parents.


Compensation for surrogates, potential dangers, rights and obligations, what to do in the event of unforeseen circumstances, abortion rights, etc. Possible gestational carriers should pay particular attention to these conditions.

Future parents

Understanding your legal rights, how to minimize any dangers, and how much money you will pay your surrogate is essential.

You will be able to begin the medical process, a stage in which you’ll work closely with the fertility clinic you chose at the beginning, once both parties sign the contract, assuring that they accept the terms and conditions outlined in it.

Medical Procedures

The medical process may begin after the legal contract is signed. Transfer of the embryo and fertilization are the two most important stages. We should not forget that a successful pregnancy for the surrogate is the ultimate goal.

Before the embryo transfer, the gestational carrier and the intended mother must take various drugs, each serving a particular purpose:

Intended Mother/Egg Donor

In surrogacy process ,to induce the release of many eggs from the ovaries. When fully grown, the doctor uses the follicle puncture to gather them (ovum pick-up).

Gestational carrier

To get the endometrium ready to receive the embryo during transfer. It is the lining of the uterine wall where the embryos will lodge and develop into a fetus. Hormone injections given to the surrogate in the first two weeks of her cycle will stimulate the thickening of her endometrium.

Your fertility specialist will perform the pregnancy test on the surrogate around 15 days before the transfer. Once the embryonic heartbeat confirms by ultrasound, surrogates typically receive their remuneration in installments, a monthly allowance, and prenatal care.

Surrogates must attend the clinic frequently throughout the pregnancy for blood work and ultrasounds to ensure everything is going as planned.

Pregnancy and Delivery

Your program coordinator’s role is to help you and your surrogate and get you ready for the delivery of your child after the desired pregnancy is achieved. Usually, intended parents want to accompany the surrogate to the hospital so they may witness it firsthand.

Paying attention to all the paperwork is essential when the baby is delivered. You must complete and submit to ensure that parental rights establish legally. Your lawyer is in charge of obtaining the necessary court orders, passports, and legal paperwork.

Intended parents who reside abroad must ensure that all legal paperwork is filed correctly in their home nation. A crucial step to a successful surrogacy process trip is finding out what the criteria are in your departure nation to register the birth of a child born abroad.

After completing everything, it is typical for intended parents and surrogates to stay in touch and keep a close relationship throughout the child’s childhood. To foster a relaxed atmosphere between the parties, surrogacy firms frequently support the development of this relationship.

Surrogacy Process Cost

The expenses of surrogacy process may vary based on the procedure and your location. Generally, the costs for a gestational carrier are between $90,000 and $130,000 when you factor in compensation, medical expenses, legal fees, and any other unforeseen circumstances.

Total Remuneration

New surrogates are paid $50,000 basic pay, and seasoned surrogates $60,000 as base compensation. There can also be further charges. For Example:

  • If twins are born, the mother will receive $5,000.
  • If Triplets are born cost $10,000
  • For Cesarean Delivery, it costs $3,000

Additionally fees may be associated with monthly stipends and financial loss health insurance in surrogacy process. You may incur costs in some special conditions like postponed IVF cycles, dilatation and curettage, ectopic pregnancy, fetal reduction, and other unanticipated events.


The cost of mental health exams for the expectant parents, the surrogate, and the surrogate’s spouse is approximately $1,000. Prices for both parties’ criminal records checks range from $100 to $400. And medical screening cost depends on the recommendations of the IVF clinics.

The overall sum here ranges from $8,750 to $11,750. In reality, several legal fees are involved, including:-

  • $2,500 and $1,000 for preparing and reviewing the surrogacy contract
  • $4,000 to $7,000 for determining paternity, and
  • $1,250 for managing the trust account

Other Additional Cost

It may vary from clinic to clinic. This may include the surrogate’s health insurance which will cost $25,000. Life insurance will cost $500, and hotel stays and travel expenses related to IVF rounds will cost $1,500. Parents can also set up a private health insurance verification ($275).


Surrogacy process is one of the many ways that one can become a parent. It can be a pleasant and rewarding experience, whether you’re thinking about building your own or assisting someone else.

If you think surrogacy would work for your family, consider contacting a local agency to discuss the process, expenses, and other factors that may be unique to your situation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

A professional recruiter or agency is the quickest and most straightforward approach to finding a surrogate. There are alternatives if working with an agency differs from what you like.

Online social forums are the most common place to look for a surrogate, but this may take a lot of effort and a drawn-out process. A consultant can assist you in selecting the most qualified applicants while ensuring they satisfy the necessary legal and medical requirements.

Commercial surrogacy is legal in India and has been approved by the Indian Supreme Court since 2002.

Yes. Single parents and same-sex couples may find surrogacy a fantastic way to grow their families. Look for a surrogacy agency that can accommodate your demands throughout the process, is welcoming to LGBT people and single parents, or is both.

The health and viability of the embryo you utilize, your surrogate’s health and reproductive history, and the IVF facility you work with all impact how successful your surrogacy process will be.

Your fertility clinic can assist you in determining your best chances of getting pregnant under the circumstances you face. Most surrogacy specialists will also carry out numerous embryo transfers until a healthy pregnancy, significantly increasing the surrogacy process’s overall success rate.

  • Depending on the surrogacy specialist you engage with, the matching procedure may vary, but in general, surrogacy matching services involve the creation of your intended parent profile and your surrogacy plan.
  • And they fit this data to discover compatible matches and give surrogates a general overview of you, your family, and your surrogacy objectives.
  • You will have the chance to go at possible surrogates’ profiles when your agency identifies potential surrogates who share your needs and desires for surrogacy process.
  • They will allow you to get to know each other better before moving forward with a match when you and a surrogate exhibit mutual interest in one another.