Earlier, IVF was a complicated and expensive process. But today, it has become an essential tool for treating various infertility cases.
It is the most common and successful method of assisted reproductive technology. A million babies have been born through this procedure which speaks to the success of this treatment procedure.
But things are not always good and easy as they may sound. So, this blog will help you understand what IVF in detail is –
Table of Contents
What is IVF?
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the popular infertility treatments. It is the process of conception where human eggs are fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. It involves many complex procedures. Several days after fertilization, the fertilized egg, an embryo, is placed inside a uterus. And pregnancy appears when this embryo implants itself into the uterine wall.
Why is IVF Performed?
There can be many reasons for choosing IVF infertility issues when one partner has an existing health condition or genetic problems. Some people try IVF after other fertility methods have failed or if they are older than 35 years of age. It may also help couples of the same sex and gender diverse (LGBTIAQ+) community start a family or single people who want to become parents.
There can be several other reasons for choosing IVF, which may include the following: –
What is IVF Treatment Procedure?
Depending on the clinic, the technique of treatment may differ. However, the following are the steps that are common for all: –
Firstly, females are provided with fertility drugs to encourage superovulation or stimulation. These fertility medications contain stimulating hormones follicle that instructs the body to produce more eggs than usual. The more eggs a female produces the more possibilities for the fertilization success rate with Treatment.
Women are asked to take up ultrasound and blood tests weekly during the drug consumption process to maintain their hormone levels.
2. Retrieving the Egg
The doctor injects a hormonal injection a day before removing the eggs. Then with a minor surgical procedure known as follicular aspiration or egg retrieval, all the eggs are collected from the female body. This process involves ultrasound guidance to insert a thin needle through the vagina and into an ovary. The needle has a suction device that sucks the egg quickly without causing pain.
In some cases, surgeons provide anesthetic medicine if the patient demands it. Yet, women are expected to have cramps that last for a day or two.
3. Sperm Collection
Sample sperms are collected from either donor or partner during the egg removal process. The collected sperm is then inserted into a spin cycle to determine the healthiest ones.
4. Insemination and Fertilization
Insemination is the process of combining sperm and the best eggs. This process usually takes a few hours to fertilize an egg. But sometimes, doctors inject it directly into the egg, and this process is known as an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
5. Embryo Transfer
After collecting the egg, a woman is subjected to another medication to prepare the uterus layer to receive the embryo.
Once the fertilized egg becomes an embryo and reaches the blastocyst stage, many fertility centers offer preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). This technique is used to screen an embryo for chromosomal abnormalities or aneuploidies.
Then the surgeon keeps the embryos in the uterus after 3 to 5 days of fertilization. And to increase the possibility of at least one development, they transfer one or two best embryos. It enters the uterus through the vagina.
When the embryo sticks to the uterus lining, it is also known as implantation. A pregnancy starts, and embryo growth continues.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Take care of yourself and lower your stress level. IVF treatment can be challenging, so it’s better to follow these and increase the chance of success.