Human Chorionic Gonadotropin-HCG

Human Chronic Gonadotropin (HCG) is also known as the pregnancy hormone. It is a hormone produced by the placenta and found in blood and urine during pregnancy. It is found in the blood and urine just after conception.

At the end of the first trimester, the HCG level is highest and then declines for the rest of the pregnancy.

Doctors measure the HCG level to confirm the pregnancy and its progress. Its purpose is to stimulate the mother’s smothers body to release stored nutrients to the developing foetus, produced by the cells surrounding the embryo.

Why Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Blood Test Performed?

The Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) blood test is performed to know the following: –

Why Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Blood Test Performed?

Why is Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Essential?

  • HCG is necessary because its correct balance is the secret to a healthy pregnancy and baby’s development.
  • HCG facilitates the production of other essential pregnancy hormones like progesterone and estrogen.
  • This thickens the uterus lining and increases its blood supply. So that uterus can receive the embryo and feed it after implantation.

Why Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Test done?

An HCG test is done to find the level of HCG in the urine. The level of HCG should double roughly every two days of early pregnancy. Its hormone can be detected in the urine on the first day of missed menstruation.

For accurate results, it is advised to wait for a few days once the period is missed or if there is less HCG level in the body.

Doctors can recommend two types of blood tests in early pregnancy to determine the HCG level. The quantitative HCG Blood Test is the most common blood test used to determine the amount of HCG in the blood.

The HCG level may vary from person to person and pregnancy to pregnancy. But if the HCG level is less than 5mIU/mL, women are not pregnant. Its unit above 25mIU/mL indicates pregnancy.

Types of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Tests?

There are two types of HCG tests: –

Qualitative HCG test

The doctor may use a qualitative HCG test to determine whether you are pregnant. If a woman is pregnant, the HCG level rises after the embryo’s implantation. But it does not tell you how much hCG is in your body or whether it is rising or falling. It is just used to detect if there is a detectable amount of the hormone in your blood.

Quantitative HCG test

A quantitative test is also called a beta HCG test. This test provides valuable information about the miscarriage symptoms after conception in the first few weeks. It is used to know whether the pregnancy is progressing. It is measured in a unit per liter. It also helps in determining the age of the fetus.

Risk Associated with Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Blood Test?

The risk associated with the HCG blood test is very minimal. A person going for an HCG test may feel a small number of bruises where the needle was inserted. One can minimize this by applying pressure to the area for several minutes once the needle is removed. The following may also occur in some rare cases

  • Fainting
  • Excessive Bleeding
  • Hematoma
  • Swollen Veins
  • Infection

Side Effects of HCG?

The Side Effects of HCG include the following: –

  • Headache
  • Feeling Restless or Irritable
  • Mild swelling or water weight gain
  • Depression
  • Feeling Tired
  • Breast Tenderness or Swelling
  • Pain, Irritation, or Swelling where the injection is given.

These are the usual signs and symptoms that do not require medical help. But there are also symptoms where you may need medical emergency, such as difficulty breathing, allergic reaction, swallowing of face, lip, throat or tongue etc.

Some women using HCG medicine can develop ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). It can be a life-threatening condition. So, call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following symptoms of OHSS. These symptoms are: –

  • Severe Pelvic Pain
  • Swelling of the hands or legs
  • Stomach Pain and Swelling
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Weight Gains
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea or Vomiting or
  • Urinating Less than Usual

Uses of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)?

HCG hormone is recommended as a prescription medicine for multiple uses. HCG is primarily used for fertility treatments and is approved by FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for treating female infertility and other medical uses. It is also marketed for weight loss but is not approved for this purpose.

Fertility Treatment

HCG may be used to treat different infertility issues, such as boosting sperm production, ovulation, etc. It is also used regularly with scheduled intercourse and other fertility treatments such as IVF, IUI, etc. As per research, taking HCG can increase the success rate of many fertility treatments and pregnancy rates.

Your fertility expert will prescribe the exact type and quantity of HCG to treat infertility, and as per your medical needs, the specific fertility treatment protocol will be tailored.

It is essential to take HCG as prescribed and directed by your doctor. You may get a pre-filled HCG syringe to inject at home before or after intercourse to treat female infertility.

For Weight Loss

HCG for weight loss has not been approved by Food and Drug Administration. However, it is marketed on spurious claims. So never believe such stories and do not buy them.


HCG level is essential when you are taking your pregnancy test. Otherwise, pregnancy grows naturally. You don’t have to do anything to the HCG level. But in the case of fertility issues, the HCG level helps determine whether or not pregnancy is progressing naturally.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The side effects of HCG include the following: –

  • headache
  • feeling restless or irritable
  • mild swelling or water weight gain
  • depression
  • feeling tired
  • breast tenderness or swelling
  • pain, irritation, or swelling where the injection is given.

HCG injections are the most effective and old method for taking Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG). It is taken by injecting the correct amount of HCG into the body’s fatty tissue and allowing it to be absorbed instantly into the bloodstream.

It is a new method to intake Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG). It is straightforward to use. These pills dissolve rapidly like any other, and no extra effort is needed.

Seek emergency medical attention if you have used too much of this medicine. An overdose of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) is not anticipated to create life-threatening symptoms.

If the woman has a history of multiple miscarriages in the past. Then in that situation doctor may suggest Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) shots to stimulate the release of eggs in the ovary. HCG hormone, along with another hormone, may help women in getting pregnant.

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