Female Fertility By Age

Age plays an important role in a woman’s ability to conceive because female fertility by age starts declining. As you grow older, it increases the risk of pregnancy complications.

However, there is no perfect age to get pregnant. Women can plan to start a family at any age because the decision to start a family depends on many factors, including age and being prepared to be a parent. The factors affecting your ability to conceive naturally are many. So, keep reading to learn more about getting pregnant in each stage of your life.

Source: invitra.com

Female Fertility in 20s

Women in their 20s are the most fertile and have a 50% chance of getting pregnant if having unprotected sexual intercourse on the most fertile day of their menstrual cycle.

This is because women during this age have the highest number of good-quality eggs and the lowest risks of complications such as miscarriages, chromosomally abnormal pregnancies, or health issues such as gestational diabetes.

They can even improve their odds by tracking their menstrual cycles by observing their changes through an app or by body basal temperature monitoring, observing changes in cervical mucus, or using an ovulation predictor test kit. Through all this method, you get an idea of your ovulation and can thus plan sex accordingly to get pregnant.

  • Ovulation tracking can even help you in detecting any fertility issues.
  • Visit your doctor if you don’t have a sign of ovulation or your cycles are irregular.
  • You should consult your fertility specialist in case fails to conceive even after trying for a year because women in their 20s can even face fertility issues.
  • However, the infertility rate in younger couples is lower compared to couples above 35 years.

Female Fertility in 30s

The fertility of women begins to decline at around age 30. However, how speedily it will decline vary from person to person.

Women are born with 1 million eggs and with the decreasing number of eggs over the time it will start decreasing female fertility by age over time. At age 35, fertility begins to decline faster, so it is recommended to consult a doctor if you don’t not get pregnant after trying for six months. At this age, the quality and quantity of eggs decrease, so the chances of miscarriage and other complications in pregnancy or during delivery increase.

But If you are approaching 35 and don’t want to start a family, you can opt for egg freezing. The younger you are, the healthier your eggs will be, which can be used later for conception.

Even if a woman has freezer her eggs for future pregnancy still, there is a chance she might not be able to conceive successfully.

Female Fertility in 40s

At age 40s, the chances of getting pregnant decrease to 7% after trying for three months. They have more chromosome problems which increase the risk of having a baby with:-

  • Birth Deficiencies
  • Low Birth Weight
  • Premature Birth
  • Stillbirth, etc.

Women of this age generally have high blood pressure, diabetes, etc., leading to pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, etc. They even have a low success rate of fertility treatment.

However, women of this age can still get pregnant with fertility treatment like IVF in combination with their frozen eggs. And in case they did not freeze their eggs or if they did not turn into successful pregnancies, then they can consider donor eggs. The pregnancy rate with donor eggs is very high, but the decision depends on their own.

Female Fertility in 50s and Beyond

Women in their 50s can have a baby with fertility treatment and donor eggs or donor insemination. Women may not be ovulating at this age, but their uterus might be fertile to carry a pregnancy. However, the risk of complications such as hypertensive disorders, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, C-section, etc., is significantly higher at this age.

Women of this age can only become pregnant using previously frozen eggs or donor eggs. As per ACOG’s guidelines, women getting pregnant at age 50 have increased medical care throughout all trimesters. They are also recommended for detailed fetal anatomic ultrasonograms, antenatal fetal surveillance, ongoing nuanced counselling, and prenatal genetic screening.

Women of this age trying to get pregnant or even after 45 are recommended first to see a high-risk obstetric provider so they can have an idea about the complications and success rate.

Different Fertility Options

You may be dealing with fertility issues if you are over 35 years or more and have failed to conceive after trying to have unprotected sex for six months or more. So, visit a fertility specialist who can help you determine the fertility issue and recommend how to conceive.

You can conceive with the assisted reproductive technique (ART) treatment, but if you have an age-related decline in your fertility, this treatment cannot be helpful. In that case, you can be treated with fertility drugs that stimulate eggs and techniques like IVF (In-vitro Fertilization).

But as you get older, the chance of success of this fertility treatment also decreases.

Using a healthy donor egg is another option for getting pregnant. In this method, the egg is fertilized with your partner’s sperm and then transferred to the uterus.

Freezing your Eggs

If you are not ready to start your family now, consider freezing your eggs during your most reproductive years for the future.

For this, firstly, you will be given hormones to stimulate egg production, and then the eggs will be retrieved and frozen. And when you are ready to get pregnant, you can use them.

In this Process:-

  • The eggs are first thawed and then fertilized with the sperm.
  • once the embryo formed placed in your uterus.
  • freezing your eggs does not guarantee a pregnancy because conceiving in the late 30s and 40s is difficult, even with healthy eggs.

But you can have the assurance that you have healthy eggs to get pregnant once you are ready

Male Fertility By Age

Male infertility also decreases with growing age. However, the process is slower than the women. Male fertility usually starts declining around the age of 40. After the age of 40, mens have a lower sperm count and lower semen volume. The sperm after 40 does not swim even.

Older men’s sperm also have more genetic abnormalities than younger men. This increases the risk of miscarriage regardless of the age of the woman.

So, men after 40 can make their partner pregnant or become a father but might with little more difficulty than at younger age.

Ways to Boost Fertility Naturally

Here are certain things that you can do to boost your fertility naturally: –

  • Have healthy food such as wholesome foods, green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, lean proteins, and healthy fats like avocado and olive oil.
  • Manage your stress because mental and psychological health is more closely linked to your reproductive health.
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Maintain a healthy weight because underweight and overweight women tend to experience more difficulty conceiving.


The perfect time to conceive is when you are ready to get pregnant. However, your ability to conceive decreases with growing age. You can still get pregnant in your 30s and 40s. You only need to follow some steps to improve your chances of getting pregnant in older age. Still, if you fail, there are treatments available.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Women should visit the fertility specialist under the age of 35 who have been trying for at least one year and women older than 35 who have been trying for six months. You should also talk to your doctor if you want to conceive but have certain health conditions, such as endometriosis, that may affect your fertility.

Different fertility treatments are fertility medications, Intrauterine insemination (IUI), and In-vitro fertilization (IVF).

Yes, at age 37, women can get pregnant, but the risk of pregnancy increases with age. Women may experience miscarriage, pregnancy complications, and genetic abnormalities of the fetus.

As you grow older, the chances of getting pregnant naturally decline. At 40, your chances of conceiving decrease to 5 to 10%; at age 45, it drops to less than 5%.

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