Female Fertility By Age- Best Age To Get Pregnant
Age plays an important role in a woman’s ability to conceive because female fertility by age starts declining. As you grow older, it increases the risk of pregnancy complications. Female fertility is known to decline as women age, with the most significant decrease occurring in the mid to late 30s. The best age for a woman to get pregnant can vary based on individual circumstances, but generally, the most fertile years are in a woman’s 20s and early 30s.
However, there is no perfect age to get pregnant. Women can plan to start a family at any age because the decision to start a family depends on many factors, including age and being prepared to be a parent. The factors affecting your ability to conceive naturally are many. So, keep reading to learn more about getting pregnant in each stage of your life.
- In early 20s: Women have the highest chance of getting pregnant during this time. The average monthly chance of getting pregnant is around 25%, and the risk of miscarriage is relatively low.
- In mid to late 20s: Women still have a good chance of getting pregnant, but the average monthly chance decreases slightly to around 20%.
- In early 30s: Fertility starts to decline more rapidly, and the average monthly chance of getting pregnant is around 15%. The risk of miscarriage increases, and the risk of chromosomal abnormalities in the baby also increases.
- In the mid to late 30s: Fertility decline accelerates, and the average monthly chance of getting pregnant is around 10%. The risk of miscarriage and chromosomal abnormalities increases even further.
- After 40: Fertility continues to decline, and the average monthly chance of getting pregnant is less than 5%. The risk of miscarriage, chromosomal abnormalities, and pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure increases significantly.
Table of Contents
Female Fertility in 20s
A woman’s fertility is generally at its peak during her 20s. At this age, women have 50% more highest chance of getting pregnant and the lowest risk of pregnancy complications. Because:
Menstrual Cycle and Ovulation
Factors Affecting Fertility
Female Fertility in 30s
The fertility of women begins to decline at around age 30. However, how speedily it will decline vary from person to person.
Factors Affecting Fertility
Conception Probability in 30s
The probability of conceiving naturally in the 30s varies from person to person, but generally:
Challenges in Conceiving
Women are born with 1 million eggs and with the decreasing number of eggs over the time it will start decreasing female fertility by age over time. At age 35, fertility begins to decline faster, so it is recommended to consult a doctor if you don’t not get pregnant after trying for six months. At this age, the quality and quantity of eggs decrease, so the chances of miscarriage and other complications in pregnancy or during delivery increase.
Female Fertility in 40s
At age 40s, the chances of getting pregnant decrease to 7% after trying for three months. They have more chromosome problems which increase the risk of having a baby in 40s. Women of this age generally have high blood pressure, diabetes, etc., leading to pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, etc. They even have a low success rate of fertility treatment.
Factors Affecting Fertility in 40s
Chances of Getting Pregnant in 40s
The chances of getting pregnant in your 40s are significantly lower than in your 20s or 30s. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the chance of getting pregnant naturally declines from about 20% per menstrual cycle in your 20s to about 5% per cycle in your 40s.
Risks of Pregnancy in 40s
Treatment Options for Infertility in 40s
However, women of this age can still get pregnant with fertility treatment like IVF in combination with their frozen eggs. And in case they did not freeze their eggs or if they did not turn into successful pregnancies, then they can consider donor eggs. The pregnancy rate with donor eggs is very high, but the decision depends on their own.
Female Fertility in 50s and Beyond
Women in their 50s can have a baby with fertility treatment and donor eggs or donor insemination. Women may not be ovulating at this age, but their uterus might be fertile to carry a pregnancy. However, the risk of complications such as hypertensive disorders, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, C-section, etc., is significantly higher at this age.
Women of this age can only become pregnant using previously frozen eggs or donor eggs. As per ACOG’s guidelines, women getting pregnant at age 50 have increased medical care throughout all trimesters. They are also recommended for detailed fetal anatomic ultrasonograms, antenatal fetal surveillance, ongoing nuanced counselling, and prenatal genetic screening.
Menopause and Fertility
Fertility Treatments for Women in Their 50s and Beyond
Risks and Complications of Pregnancy
Preconception Counseling and Support
Women of this age trying to get pregnant or even after 45 are recommended first to see a high-risk obstetric provider so they can have an idea about the complications and success rate.
Best Age to Get Pregnant
Pregnancy is a significant milestone in a woman’s life, and the decision to conceive should be taken with care and consideration. There is no single “best” age to get pregnant, as every woman’s situation is unique and depends on various factors, including personal health, lifestyle, and circumstances. However, there are some general guidelines that women can follow when considering the ideal age to get pregnant.
Women are born with a fixed number of eggs, and their fertility declines as they age. Generally, a woman’s most fertile years are in her 20s, and her fertility starts to decline in her 30s, with a sharper decline after age 35. Women are considered to be of reproductive age until they reach menopause, which typically occurs between ages 45 and 55.
Risks Associated with Advanced Maternal Age
The risk of certain complications increases as women get older, and this is especially true for women over 35 years old. These risks include:
Benefits of Pregnancy at a Younger Age
Male Fertility By Age
Male infertility also decreases with growing age. However, the process is slower than the women. Male fertility usually starts declining around the age of 40. After the age of 40, men’s have a lower sperm count and lower semen volume. The sperm after 40 does not swim even.
Older men’s sperm also have more genetic abnormalities than younger men. This increases the risk of miscarriage regardless of the age of the woman.
So, men after 40 can make their partner pregnant or become a father but might with little more difficulty than at younger age.
Ways to Boost Fertility Naturally
Here are certain things that you can do to boost your fertility naturally: –
The perfect time to conceive is when you are ready to get pregnant. However, your ability to conceive decreases with growing age. You can still get pregnant in your 30s and 40s. You only need to follow some steps to improve your chances of getting pregnant in older age. Still, if you fail, there are treatments available.