In the IVF process, embryo transfer is the last step. In this process, a fertility specialist uses a transfer cannula inserted through the vagina to the uterus. This simple process uses an ultrasound scan to guide the process.
After that, you must wait until your pregnancy test, which is problematic. Womens wonder what symptoms they may experience during the 7 to 14 days wait time after an embryo transfer and what can be considered positive signs of a successful pregnancy. This article will discuss the stages of embryo transfer and the possible symptoms that may be included as positive signs of pregnancy.
Table of Contents
On the day of Embryo Transfer Procedure
It is a simple procedure that helps infertile women in getting pregnant. During this process, women generally do not require pain relief. The doctor uses a tiny catheter to place the thawed frozen embryo beyond the cervix into the uterus.
This complete procedure is done by using an ultrasound as it helps promote comfort, gives the doctor additional visibility of the perfect placement for the catheter, and reduces the chance of the possibility of touching the cervix.
After Embryo Transfer
After the embryo transfer, you need to take good care of yourself to ensure safety, reduce its side effects and increase your chance of successful fertilization and pregnancy.
And once the transfer is done, your fertility specialist will ask you to lie down on your back and relax for an hour. However, you may not need this as it is a minimally invasive procedure. The overall process, including the rest time, takes around 2 to 4 hours.
Your clinic will inform you of detailed instructions after the appointment to keep you informed and comfortable. So that you take good care of yourself post embryo transfer pregnancy test.
Post-procedure, some doctors advise taking 24-hour bed rest while others recommend relying on low-impact movement causes blood flow to the uterus, which increases the chance of getting pregnant.
However, there is no evidence that you must rest after the procedure so do what makes you more comfortable. However, high or even moderate levels of activity are not advised for post-embryo transfer procedures.
What to Expect after the Transfer?
You may feel anxious and excited to wait and think about your pregnancy test as this test will determine whether the embryo is successfully implanted and results in pregnancy.
Symptoms after Frozen Embryo Transfer
You may have symptoms similar to menstruation during the two weeks between the embryo transfer and pregnancy test. Or some women may not have any symptoms as everyone is different.
However, the following are the symptoms you may experience after the embryo transfer: –
Spotting and Bleeding
After the embryo transfer, spotting and bleeding can be the early signs of pregnancy. Seeing the light bleeding on your underwear or toilet paper after wiping could signify successful implantation. This means the FET was successful, and the embryo was attached to your uterus wall.
However, many doctors see bleeding as a concerning sign and often fail to provide reassurance for many women. Because spotting can also occur when taking hormone medications like progesterone prescribed during the two weeks after the embryo transfer.
So, they may suggest you keep taking progesterone to synthesize the same amount of hormone as in the early days of pregnancy.
It is normal to feel changes in the breast after the embryo transfer. If your breast becomes hard and tender to touch or swollen or may notice some tingling in her nipples and darkening of the areolas, this can be a sign of positive embryo transfer. However, this could be due to the hormone medication taken in the form of injections, oral progesterone, or another fertility hormone during the two weeks wait.
Cramping can be a positive sign of a successful embryo transfer. But it can also result from progesterone taken during the two-week wait, while some women may also experience mild cramping immediately after the pelvic pressure.
The feeling of tiredness increases due to the level of a hormone called progesterone. It is a normal part of pregnancy, especially for women undergoing assisted reproductive procedures and fertility medications.
This may be a sign of successful embryo transfer or an adverse effect of fertility medications.
Women may not experience nausea in two weeks because this is a symptom of the second month of pregnancy. However, some women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment may experience this because of the administration of the hormones.
So, women who do not suffer from nausea after the embryo transfer do not indicate treatment failure.
Changes in Vaginal Discharge
After the embryo transfer, women may experience changes in vaginal discharge. The most frequent modification is the increase in the amount of release after the embryo transfer. This is due to the changes in the womens hormonal level and progesterone, which indicates that the transfer was successful.
However, if you experience itching, burning, discharge, or even yeast infections may be due to the vaginal tablets, gel, or suppositories.
It is an early sign of pregnancy. It is due to the increased levels of pregnancy hormone HCG. Some women who miss periods even need to urinate frequently. This can be because of the successful embryo transfer.
But it can also be because of the HCG hormone, the pregnancy hormone. Women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment are injected with this hormone. As a result, this increases in blood and urine. And thus increase the urge to urinate. However, if you’re experiencing painful urination, bleeding, fever, or vomiting, please get in touch with your fertility doctor.
If women always have a regular and consistent period but have missed it after the embryo transfer, it can be a sign of possible pregnancy. Take the pregnancy test and visit your doctor.
You may feel bloated around the abdomen if the level of progesterone increases. This usually increases in pregnancy, before periods, or if using fertility medications during an IVF cycle and after an embryo transfer.
Around 10 to 15% of women do not experience symptoms after embryo transfer. So if you are also one, you need to worry because these can also be a side effect because of the combination of progesterone and estrogen.
It is difficult to distinguish between the early sign of pregnancy and premenstrual symptoms. However, these symptoms should not be severe, and in case they occur, call your doctor immediately.
It is not that these symptoms will foretell the result of your pregnancy test. 10 to 15% of women do not experience any symptoms after the embryo transfer but have a positive pregnancy test result.
So, it would help if you did not worry at all. These symptoms can be the result of having fertility medications. Wait for 14 days and take the pregnancy test, as this is the best way to know whether the embryo transfer was successful.